Dates, facts and figures

There is a lot to learn about the Frauenkirche. For those who like it short we put together several pieces of information that outline key data on the building, the reconstruction and historic events. Especially the latter make no claim to completeness but are meant to give an interesting insight into various aspects of this church. 

Building

Height and lenght details

Height of the church (with spire cross)91,23 m
Height of the dome (without dome batter and lantern)24,00 m
Height of the staircase turrets50,98 m
Height of the nave up to eye of the inner dome36,65 m
Height of the visitor platform on the lantern67,06 m
Length of the church (west/east)50,02 m
Width of the church (north/south)41,95 m
Outer diameter of the main dome36,15 m
Maximum thickness of the dome's stone work119 cm
Minimum thickness of the dome's stone work175 cm

Details about the nave

Piers8
Number of galleries5
Seats (total / nave / galleries)1.664 / 622 / 1.042
Material of the pews fir wood
Stops / pipes of the organ67 / 4.876
Painting sections in the inner dome8 sections / 8 miniatures

The bells of the Frauenkirche

diameterweight
Hanna (thanksgiving bell)Ø 69,4 cm291 kg
Philippus (baptism bell)Ø 78,5 cm392 kg
Josua (wedding bell)Ø 96,4 cm645 kg
Jeremia (city bell)Ø 108,6 cm900 kg
Johannes (proclamation bell)Ø 125,1 cm1.228 kg
David (prayer bell)Ø 85,0 cm475 kg
Maria (memorial bell)Ø 84,6 cm328,5 kg 
Jesaja (peace bell)Ø 140,4 cm1.750 kg

Reconstruction

Use of historical material

Around 45% of the Frauenkirche comprises historical stone material including the parts of the ruin. 8,425 old ashlars alone were integrated during the reconstruction of the Frauenkirche.

This is where the stones came from / were built back in:

... façade7,110
... inner church room1,013
... registered as large parts106
... gravestones177
... external structures19


Of the 7,110 old stones of the façade ...

... 20 of 66 were integrated for the outer stairs (around 34% of the stones in this area)
... 1,526 of 2,037 for the ground floor and rising wall (75%)
... 666 of 1,110 for the principal cornice and roof parapet (60%)
... 557 of 1,297 for the spire of the staircase turret (43%)
... 618 of 2,145 for the dome, batter and tambour (30%)
... 152 of 407 for the lantern (around 37%).

Around 80% of the altar is made of original material: 1,642 fragments were returned to their original positions there.

Quantities

Total church building 60,000 t
Dome12,300 t
Lantern700 t
Steel structures (anchors, gallery girders, window frames) 570 t
Sheet metal (copper, lead)4,800 m²
Wood (doors, bell frames, flooring, pews etc.)800 m3
Gilding (gold leaf) 600 g
Electrical cables laid 85,000 m

Construction costs

Total construction costs (incl. archaeological rubble clearing,
construction preparation, taxes) 
182,6 Mio. €
Net construction costs131,1 Mio. €
financed by
Public fonds70,0 Mio. € (38%)
Donations received102,8 Mio. €(56%)
Operative results9,8 Mio. €(5%)

Apart from a deviation of 2% (which was lower than the annual inflation rate at the time) the building costs met the initially calculated sum.

Timeline

Chronological history of the building

Previous churches
11th c. Foundation of the Frauenkirche as a missonary church in Nisan district
12th c.First stone structure as basilica with three naves, the Frauenkirche becomes the parish church of Dresden
13th/14th c.Repeated enlargement and conversion to a Gothic hall church
1470-1483The Frauenkirche is rebuilt in a late Gothic style
1539The church is closed following the Reformation, used as a burial church
1559Church services restart
16th c.Inclusion of the district around the Frauenkirche in the fortifications of Dresden
1714Gradual dissolution of the churchyard at the endeavours of Augustus the Strong
Baroque church
1722The city council decides to build a new church, George Bähr is commissioned with this work
1726Official planning and building permisison from the Earl of Wackerbarth (26th June)
1726Laying of the foundation stone and start of building work (26th August)
1729Start of building work on the bell-shaped stone dome
1734Premature consecration of the church (28th February)
1736Completion of the building work on the dome
1738Calls for the removal of the heavy stone dome following the first structural damage and the death of George Bähr
1743Final completion of the building (27th May)
Destruction and memorial
1945The church collapses (15th February) two days after the bombing of Dresden
1966The Frauenkirche ruins are declared a memorial
Reconstruction
1990"Appeal from Dresden" (13th February)
1993Begin of the archaeological rubble clearance (04th January)
1993Handover of the building permission certificate (250th anniversary of the completion)(27th May)
1994Official start of rebuilding work (first stone laid; 27th May)
1996Completion and consecration of the Lower Church (21st August)
2000The spire cross financed by British donations is handed over by His Royal Highness, the Duke of Kent (13th February)
2001Completion of the inner dome (29th July)
2003Consecration of the bells (04th May)
2003Completion of the main dome (23rd May)
2004Restoration of the outer shape of the Frauenkirche with erection of the lantern dome including the pinnacle cross (22nd June)
2005Completion of interior work including paintings and installation of the organ (June)
2005Consecration of the restored Frauenkirche in Dresden Dresden (30th October)