Organ music in the Frauenkirche
The organ of the Frauenkirche is a new instrument made by the reputable organ builder Daniel Kern from Strasbourg in 2005.
Located prominently above the altar, every visitor of the church can see it straight away. In order to hear it, they are welcome to attend a Sunday service, a midday or evening devotion or one roughly 40 concerts a year.
The BACH Cycle is characterised by the works of the composer who is considered as the epitome of Protestant sacred music: Johann Sebastian Bach. 2008 and 2009, 2010 and 2011 in 20 varied concerts, the choir master of the Frauenkirche Matthias Grünert and the organist of the Frauenkirche Samuel Kummer present all organ pieces by the Saxon ‘Court Composer, Court Conductor and Choir Master’.
Ending with a wealth of artistic choral adaptations, which have been handed down in collections such as the Organ Book, the Schübler Chorales, the Leipzig Chorales, the third part of the Piano Practice as well as the Kirnberg Neumeister Collection, the concert programme orientates itself primarily on the feast and fast times of the church year.
All BACH cycle concerts 2015 at a glance:
Sat, 24/01 | 8 p.m. | BACHzyklus XI "Christ, du bist der helle Tag"
|Sat, 28/02 | 8 p.m. | BACHzyklus XII "Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ"|
|Fri, 27/03 | 8 p.m. | BACHzyklus XIII "O Lamm Gottes, unschuldig"|
|Mon, 06/04 | 8 p.m. | BACHzyklus XIV "Christ ist erstanden"|
|Tue, 26/05 | 8 p.m. | BACHzyklus XV "Komm, Heiliger Geist, Herre Gott"|
|Fri, 21/08 | 8 p.m. | BACHzyklus XVI "Herr Gott, dich loben wir"|
|Fri, 18/09 | 8 p.m. | BACHzyklus XVII "Jesu, meine Freude"|
|Fri, 16/10 | 8 p.m. | BACHzyklus XVIII "Die Kunst der Fuge"|
|Mon, 30/11 | 8 p.m. | BACHzyklus XIX "Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland"|
|Sat, 25/12 | 9 p.m. | BACHzyklus XX "Gelobet seist du, Jesu Christ"|
Dresden Organ Cycle
With the consecration of the Frauenkirche, a triumvirate of major city-centre churches exists, whose organs now sound as part of the Dresden Organ Cycle, each taking a weekly turn. The organs of the Cathedral, the Kreuzkirche and the Frauenkirche come from the workshops of Gottfried Silbermann (1755), the brothers Jemlich (1963) and the organ-builder firm Kern (2005). The three instruments will be played every Wednesday at 8 p.m., each being played once every three weeks. As a result, it will be possible to listen to and compare the three organs and to experience the different characters of the instruments in contrasting church buildings.
The organists of the Cathedral, the Kreuzkirche and the Frauenkirche have put together an extensive concert programme. The high points every year are the international Dresden organ weeks. In the summer month it is possible to listen to guests from the USA, Great Britain, Italy, Norway, Switzerland, Japan und France, as well as the house organists.
This is an overview of the concert dates of 2015 in the Frauenkirche:
|Wed., 18/02 | 8 p.m. Nikolaikantor Jürgen Wolf (Leipzig) plays works by Reincken, Bach and Liszt|
|Wed., 04/03 | 8 p.m. Kreuzkantor Holger Gehring (Dresden) plays works by Bach, de Grigny, Vierne and Guillou|
|Wed., 25/03 | 8 p.m. Frauenkirchenorganist Samuel Kummer plays works by Bach, Franck, Tournemire, Vierne and Kummer|
|Wed., 22/04 | 8 p.m. Frauenkirchenkantor Matthias Grünert plays works by Bach and Rheinberger|
|Wed., 13/05 | 8 p.m. Frauenkirchenorganist Samuel Kummer plays Francks »Trois Chorals« and improvisations|
|Wed., 03/06 | 8 p.m. Bernadetta Sunavska (Stuttgart) plays works by Bach, Mozart and Strawinsky|
|Wed., 24/06 | 8 p.m. Tobias Frank (Neubrandenburg) plays works by Bach, Dupré and Tournemire|
|Wed., 15/07 | 8 p.m. International Organ Weeks Colin Walsh (Lincoln, Großbritannien) plays works by Stanford, Franck and Vierne|
|Wed., 05/08 | 8 p.m. International Organ Weeks Christian Ott (Versailles, Frankreich) plays works by Bach, Schumann and Liszt|
|Wed., 26/08 | 8 p.m. International Organ Weeks Richard Elliott (Salt Lake City, USA) plays works by Bach, Duruflé and Weaver|
|Wed., 16/09 | 8 p.m. International Organ Weeks Thimo Janssen (Norden) plays works by Bach, Franck and Alain|
|Wed., 07/10 | 8 p.m. Irena Renata Budryte Kummer (Dresden) plays works by Bach, Bunk, Widor and Naujalis|
|Wed., 28/10 | 8 p.m. Frauenkirchenorganist Samuel Kummer plays works by Dieterich Buxtehude, Johann Sebastian Bach and Louis Vierne|
|Fri., 30/10 | 8 p.m. 2nd Dresden Organ Walk|
Wed., 18/11 | 8 p.m. Olivier Eisenmann (Luzern, Schweiz) plays works by Rheinberger, Karg-Elert, Saint-Saens and Sandvold
(The dates of the concerts in the Church of the Holy Cross (Kreuzkirche) and the Cathedral you can find in the flyer.)
Literary Organ Nights by Candlelight
“When words and music inspire each other, a harmonious whole emerges and in the evening glow of candlelight, a very special atmosphere is created.”
Samuel Kummer, organist of the Frauenkirche, chose these words to describe the special kind of organ recitals that came into being in 2006 and have taken place each year since then on Friday evenings in June.
At the Literary Organ Nights by Candlelight, you will experience the wonder of a poetic summer night in the form of a harmonious mingling of music and the spoken word. These evenings are enhanced by the unique mood created by the atmospheric lighting n the church nave and by the sight of the illuminated altar of the Frauenkirche and the messages this conveys.
The Literary Organ Nights feature a dialogue between outstanding organ music – mainly improvisations in the musical idiom of the 19th – 21st centuries – and carefully chosen prose which reaches the heart, stirs the conscience or opens new perspectives of the familiar. The music is supplied by Frauenkirche organist Samuel Kummer and the texts are spoken by actors from the Dresden Staatsschauspiel.
Literary organ nights 2015:
|Fr, 12 June, 10 p.m.|
|Fr, 19 June, 10 p.m.|
|Fr, 26 June, 10 p.m.|
Nocturnal Organ Music by Candlelight
A concert in the “Nocturnal Organ Music by Candlelight“ programme has exactly the right atmospherics to end a Sunday in Advent. On the four Sundays in Advent when the evening is getting late, the Frauenkirche invites you to let your mind drift as you listen to the magnificent tones of the Kern organ.
The night time music brings new life to the inner city: after a visit to the hectic Striezelmarkt, the inspiring tones of the organ offer a moment of peace. Pastoral words pick up the theme of the music and welcome you with the message of Advent as candles flicker: a pleasing final chord for the soul to close the day.
Nocturnal Organ Music by Candlelight 2014:
Church Explanations and Organ Sounds
This (German language) programme brings together words and music: accounts of the history, architecture and of life today in the Frauenkirche are accompanied by the music of the organ.
What is it that makes the Frauenkirche one of the most important Protestant church buildings? What motivated well over one hundred thousand donors and supporters to give money for the restoration of the church? There is a lot to tell about the history, restoration and architectural expression of this place of worship. An experienced church guide is there to give visitors a closer understanding of what makes the Frauenkirche unique.
The event is accompanied by selected organ music. Works of well-known composers such as Bach, Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Mozart, Franck and Rheinberger resound from the magnificent Kern organ of the Frauenkirche played by alternating organists.
Church Explanations and Organ Sounds 2015:
|Fri, 11 April | 8 p.m.|
|Fri, 01 May | 8 p.m.|
|Fri, 16 May | 8 p.m.|
|Fri, 06 June | 8 p.m.|
|Fri, 10 July | 8 p.m.|
|Fri, 31 July | 8 p.m.|
|Fri, 14 August | 8 p.m.|
|Fri, 11 September | 8 p.m.|
Organ Music in Church Services and Devotions
As a symbol of Protestant church building, the Frauenkirche seems predestined to be a place where church music is keenly nurtured. Now as in days gone by, music is an essential component of life in the Frauenkirche. Its architecture – with the organ located centrally above the altar – points impressively to a Protestant understanding of church music – music as a medium for the divine message and as mode of worship.
As befitting its historic function as a house of God, a special emphasis is placed in the Frauenkirche on religious services and sacred music activities. This involves the performing of quintessentially Protestant music: in addition to the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, the programme of sacred music is considerably enhanced by performances of works by the former Kreuzkantor and Frauenkirche organist Gottfried August Homilius and other baroque masters.
Organ music plays a significant part in this: together with the vocal music of the church, it creates a setting for the religious services: its defining role in devotions is self-evident: after the bells are silent, the tones of the magnificent Kern organ herald the start of weekday organ devotions. On two further occasions during the twenty minute service, the music of the organ resounds throughout the baroque interior of the church, creating a unique setting.
From Silbermann to Kern: the organs of the Frauenkiche
Both the tradition and the reputation of the Frauenkirche regarding performances of sacred music are based on the oeuvre of gifted choir masters and organists and on the special instruments that they could play in the baroque church room.
The historic Silbermann organ
The organ in Bähr’s Frauenkirche was installed in 1736 and deemed one of the greatest works of Gottfried Silbermann. Johann Sebastian Bach gave a concert on it shortly after its installation. However, by 1769 the organ was retuned for the first time. A further retuning was carried out in 1819, because the organ, which was developed for the sound of baroque chamber music, stood ‘a half a tone too deep in relation to the present instrumental ambience’. Also in the period that followed, the organ was expanded several times and restructured so that its original sound form has not been handed down. The organ together with the organ case was completely destroyed in 1945.
The new Kern organ
The new organ was built in 2005 by Kern, an organ-builder from Strasbourg. It impressively combines the organ building principles of the brothers Gottfried and Andreas Silbermann. The instrument is tonally enriched by the typical sounds of a French romantic organ work, so that the new organ possesses an impressive versatility. As a result, the organ works of Johann Sebastian Bach can be played just as authentically as the symphonic organ works of César Franck. The extremely adaptable instrument possesses 69 sounding stops which are distributed over four keyboards and one pedal. Of the 4,876 pipes, of which only a small part is visible, the smallest measures less the one centimetre and the biggest measures over five meters.
(You can find the disposition ... here.)